The path from the fruit of the coffee tree to the finished aromatic drink is short, but technologically difficult. In the process of preparing ready-made ground coffee, a lot of specialists are involved, each of whom is responsible for his own front of work. But if you love natural coffee beans, are not afraid to experiment and are ready to spend time in search of your very best taste, then we recommend that you take over part of the process.

How are coffee beans roasted in production?

Green coffee beans are roasted, ground, and only then the coffee drink is prepared. On an industrial scale, grains are roasted in:

  • thermal ovens;
  • convection cabinets;
  • Microwave ovens.

For each type of coffee beans, its own optimal roasting method is selected with the selection of an individual temperature, processing time, cooling intensity and volume of one batch.

The larger the production, the more the whole process takes place "on stream", which does not always have a good effect on the quality of the final product. It is not for nothing that products from small private factories and enterprises are valued higher, because there is manual labor and grain is processed in small batches.

... in a frying pan

Probably every coffee gourmet dreamed of at least seeing the whole process of making coffee. And we invite you to participate interactively in it, creating your own creative process. Believe me, nothing complicated. The prize is a cup of fragrant coffee, almost entirely created by oneself.

For frying, you need a frying pan with a thick bottom, preferably steel or cast iron. Washed to perfection, without even a hint of foreign odors. Heat a frying pan over low heat and add about ¼ of the green coffee beans to the pan. With constant stirring with a wooden spatula, gradually increase the temperature to "high fire".

After about 5 minutes, the beans will begin to darken and take on a honey brown to intense brown color, exuding a characteristic coffee aroma. Roasting should last until drops of oil appear on the surface of the grain - as soon as you hear the first crackle and see the first drops of oil, pour the beans into a prepared container. And immediately turn on the fan to cool the beans. You can get rid of the husk by pouring the grains into a colander and winding them.

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... in the oven

Heat the oven to 220-230 degrees and put a baking sheet on which green beans will already be laid in an even thin layer. You cannot leave the oven: you need to gradually lower the temperature to 110 degrees and constantly check that the grains do not burn. After 15-20 minutes, the batch of roasted coffee beans will be ready. From a baking sheet, immediately pour them into a container for air cooling, and then into a colander for peeling.

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Expert opinion

Of course, to make coffee beans at home, you will have to spend a lot of time over the pan or oven, trying and experimenting. And, perhaps, having spent more than one kilogram of coffee. But then, having chosen the optimal technology, you will receive the very coveted prize - a cup of delicious coffee made with your own hands!

But if now there is no time for "homemade coffee cooking", you can always


Things to know (Q&A)

Can you roast your own coffee beans in the oven?

That's right, you can roast green coffee beans on a cookie sheet in your oven ! Two of the primary advantages to roasting your own coffee are: better, sweeter flavour and increased health-related properties (i.e. antioxidants).

How do you fry coffee beans?

Note: Some people do use popcorn makers, ovens and frying pans to roast coffee beans at home, but personally I recommend using a coffee roaster .

Can I fry coffee beans?

That's right, you can roast green coffee beans on a cookie sheet in your oven ! Two of the primary advantages to roasting your own coffee are: better, sweeter flavour and increased health-related properties (i.e. antioxidants).

Can you roast coffee beans yourself?

The basic process is simple: use heat to turn green unroasted coffee into brown roasted coffee. Roasting times vary, depending on the method and batch size, but you can expect the process to last about 10 minutes for smaller batches and about 16 minutes for larger batches.

Can you make coffee in the oven?

One of the most basic and least expensive methods is the oven. Yes, you can easily roast your own coffee at home using an oven. It doesn't make the brightest, most flavorful coffee, but it works. If you've never home-roasted coffee before, you may be impressed with the outcome.

What happens if you bake coffee beans?

During the roasting process, there are two levels on which something happens to coffee beans: the chemical and physical level . On the chemical level, coffee roasting replicates the ripening of the fruit in nature. On the physical level, the roasting transforms bean matter from cellulose towards charcoal.

How do you roast coffee in a frying pan?

The way I roast coffee is very simple. Place the frying pan on the stove and use a temperature of at least 350F. ... Roast as light or as dark as you like. The picture below shows beans roasted at 8 minutes (top), 12 minutes (bottom right) and 15 minutes (bottom left).

How do you cook raw coffee beans?

The way I roast coffee is very simple. Place the frying pan on the stove and use a temperature of at least 350F. ... Roast as light or as dark as you like. The picture below shows beans roasted at 8 minutes (top), 12 minutes (bottom right) and 15 minutes (bottom left).

Can you pan roast coffee beans?

While bright sunny days may be enjoyable, the light and heat aren't doing your coffee beans any favors . ... Excess moisture on both whole beans and grounds can actually spoil them; if your coffee has been in a warm and damp environment long enough, mold can have a chance to set in.

Does heat damage coffee beans?

There's also the option of brewing with whole raw coffee beans, without having to grind them down. Using the same ratio of water to coffee, add your beans to the water in a suitable container and allow them to soak overnight. 13

Can you cook raw coffee beans?

While bright sunny days may be enjoyable, the light and heat aren't doing your coffee beans any favors . ... Excess moisture on both whole beans and grounds can actually spoil them; if your coffee has been in a warm and damp environment long enough, mold can have a chance to set in.

How do you process your own coffee beans?

The 3 Main Types of Coffee Processing

Coffee is traditionally processed in three ways: washed, natural, and honey . There are alternatives, but these are both rare and typically localised, such as wet hulling in Indonesia.

What are the three coffee processing methods?

Coffee pulping leaves mucilage, which is then put into large tanks with enzymes being added to help get rid of the sticky substance. Beans are put in large tanks and stirred often to ensure all the mucilage is dissolved. The entire process takes approximately 24 hours .

How long does it take to process coffee beans?

The 3 Main Types of Coffee Processing

Coffee is traditionally processed in three ways: washed, natural, and honey . There are alternatives, but these are both rare and typically localised, such as wet hulling in Indonesia.