Others, such as ringworm, are fungal. Symptoms vary between infections, though most cause redness, itching, and sometimes pus. Recognizing the differences can help a person get the right treatment. Applying specialized creams or ointments or using a medicated shampoo can usually clear up scalp infections
Scalp fungus is treatable using antifungal medications . One of the most common medications used to treat fungal infections of the scalp is griseofulvin, an oral antifungal. You may need to use griseofulvin or another medication for four to eight weeks to properly treat the infection.
A four-week course is usually needed. It is important to finish the course to clear the fungus completely from the scalp.
The scalp can become infected if fungus or bacteria enter the scalp through the hair follicles or damaged skin . Skin damage can result from common skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema. Bacteria cause some common infections, such as folliculitis and impetigo. Others, such as ringworm, are fungal.
- Crusts on the scalp that may lead to hair loss.
- Purple or red patches of skin.
- White, flaky scales on the scalp.
- Patches of red and itchy skin.
- Pustules filled with pus that appear like pimples.
Overview: Ringworm of the scalp won't go away on its own . It will keep spreading to more of the scalp. It can be cured with prescription medicines.
Scalp ringworm usually requires at least 6–8 weeks of treatment with oral antifungal pills, including: Griseofulvin. Terbinafine. Itraconazole.
Antifungals: Antifungal medications can come in ointments, shampoos, or foams . The most notable antifungal used for a scalp yeast infection is fluconazole. Shampoos containing ketoconazole may also be used to help treat the infectio
Fungi called dermatophytes cause ringworm of the scalp . Fungi are organisms that thrive on dead tissue, such as fingernails, hair, and the outer layers of your skin. Dermatophytes prefer warmth and moisture, so they thrive on sweaty skin. Overcrowding and poor hygiene increase the spread of ringworm.
Scalp fungal infections often cause hair loss. If you have a fungal infection on your scalp, you may experience patchy hair loss, with small, round bald patches forming in certain parts of your scalp . You may notice that the hair in affected areas of your scalp becomes brittle and breaks off from its roots easily.
Use an antifungal shampoo
Symptoms of a scalp infection include severe itching, patches of hair loss, scalp boils, and severe dandruff. If you have ringworm on your scalp, wash your hair with an over-the-counter medicated antifungal shampoo. These shampoos kill bacteria and fungus on the scalp and stop inflammation.
To confirm the diagnosis, a doctor will usually send a hair sample or a scraping of affected skin to the laboratory . This is looked at under the microscope and cultured to confirm that a fungal infection is the cause of the problem.